What is turf toe injury?

What is turf toe injury?

It sounds like a silly term but Turf Toe is quite serious, it is an injury is when you sprain the big toe joint (otherwise known as the 1st metatarsophalangeal joint).


This can occur in any sport or activity when the front of the foot is fixed on the ground with the heel raised, and then another force is applied that pushes the big toe into hyperextension.

As the big toe takes a lot of load through it on each step, this injury can be very hard to heal.

Initial treatment for a turf toe injury should include:

  • Rest
  • Ice

It is recommended that you see your podiatrist as soon as possible, so the correct diagnosis can be made, and proper treatment can commence.

Further treatment after diagnosis has been made includes:

  • Taping
  • Offloading padding
  • Sometimes a cam boot to offload the toe completely

It is important to be aware that if correct diagnosis and treatment isn’t implemented, then permanent damage can be done to this joint causing a loss in flexibility. This loss of flexibility can alter biomechanics and can also increase the likelihood of developing arthritis and joint pain in the future.

Turf Toe (2012). American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. Retrieved from http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00645